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The Meaning of the Die-Axis for the Interpretation of Roman Republican Coins

Title of Reseach Project:
The Meaning of the Die-Axis for the Interpretation of Roman Republican Coins: Localization of Mints, Dating, Coin-Designs

Project Executing Institutions:
Münzkabinett
Technische Universität Dresden, Department of Ancient History

Cooperation Partners:
Münzkabinett der Staatlichen Museen Berlin, Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz
Staatliche Münzsammlung München
Münzkabinett der Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein Gotha
Cabinet des Médailles de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris
Münzkabinett des Kunsthistorischen Museums Wien
American Numismatic Society, New York

Outline:
The die-axis, which means the position of the obverse to the reverse die in the minting process —has thus far been a neglected criterion for the interpretation of Roman Republic coins. Since the regularity (12h/6h) or the irregularity represent a stable local tradition in the Mediterranean region, researchers are able to pinpoint the region of origin and sometimes even the mint; furthermore, conclusions can be drawn on the dating and the meaning of the designs of Ro-man Republican coins. The research project’s historical numismatic findings will contribute to the fields of study of early Roman coinage from the third century BC before the introduction of the denarius, coins of the Roman mint from 78 and 50 BC, as well as the imperatorial coinage of the first century BC (Sulla, Pompeius, Caesar, Octavian, Antonius, Brutus, und Cassius).

Results and Aims:
The aim is it to develop a database that documents the die-axis of more than 20,000 coins from the Roman Republic.
At the conclusion of the numismatic research project, the database will be made available online; the database will lend itself to historical and numismatic analysis and the results of that research will be published.

Duration:
2012 to 2014

Funding:
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

Project Managers:
Dr. Wilhelm Hollstein (Coin Cabinet)
Prof. Dr. Martin Jehne (TU Dresden, Department of Ancient History)

Project Assistant:
Dr. des. Florian Haymann (Coin Cabinet)

Contact:
Dr. Wilhelm Hollstein
wilhelm.hollstein@skd.museum

Dr. des. Florian Haymann
florian.haymann@skd.museum

Further Information:
W. Hollstein, Die Stempelstellung – ein ungenutztes Interpretationskriterium für die Münzprägung der Römischen Republik. In: Akten des XII. Internationalen Numismatischen Kongresses Berlin 1997, hrsg. von B. Kluge und B. Weisser, Berlin 2000, P. 487-491.
Ibid. Augustus, Agrippa und Olympia. Lokalisierung und Interpretation einer augusteischen Münzserie. In: Dresdener Kunstblätter 43/5, 1999, P. 167-175.
Ibid., Die “Roma-Victoria”-Didrachme – ein Beleg für römisch-ptolemäische Beziehungen im 3. Jh. v. Chr.? In: Dresdner Numismatische Hefte Nr. 2, 2000, P. 3-12.

 

  • Rom, Republic, Didrachme, 269 BC., Mint Rome; Inv.-Nr. ABB949: diam. 19,9 mm; 7,02 g; 9h; Silver © Münzkabinett, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Photo: Roger Paul - Bild öffnet sich in einer Vergrößerungsansicht.
  • - Bild öffnet sich in einer Vergrößerungsansicht.